•  DWB #4


    • 100pts: Paper on the artist Chuck Close.
    • 50pts: Complete the Principles of Art assignment
    • 200pts: Complete the self portrait
    • 50pts: Complete the reflection


    Lesson 1: Chuck Close: 100 points
    ·        Write a 3 page paper on Chuck Close
    • o       In your artist paper tell me (as if we were having a conversation). I don’t want a history paper (when he was born etc.) I want a paper based on how he makes art.

      §        How his works are made?

      ·        What is his method

      ·        What is he looking for when takes someone’s photograph

      §        Who influenced him as an artist?

      ·        Who are at least two artists he admires, why?

      §        Why did he go from making realistic work to art that has an abstract feeling?

      §        How are the elements of art used in his work (refer to last DWB or to poster in room above sink)?

      §        What grabs your attention in the work?

      §        What is the work about?

      §        What do you think it means?

      §        Why do you think the artist created this work?

      §        What have you seen or learned from this work that you might apply to your own art work or your thinking? 

      o       Paste in 2 pieces of his art

      ·        1st  piece must be a realistic portrait

      ·        2nd piece must be one of his more abstract works (where the grid becomes a part of the art)

      ·        Tell me what the works are and how they are made.


    • Lesson 2:  Self Portrait: 200 points
      • Your drawing must be the size of your whole RWB page
      • You are going to create a self portrait from the picture I took you using the grid method.
        • You will recreate the drawing in one of two techniques
          • Stipple
          • Crosshatch
        • You may use a fine tip ink pen for higher points (you only get the higher points if you work is completed in the correct gradation technique)
      • You are not allowed to use traditional blending techniques (no smudging.)

      How to Grid –Out your picture 

      • You are going to enlarge your portrait picture (the one I gave you)
      • You are going to put it in your RWB
      • You are going to redraw the grid that is on top of your drawing in your RWB
        • You will redraw this grid with new dimensions
          • Your new dimensions are 1 ¼ inch x 1 ¼  inch

      ** The purpose of the grid drawing is that it is a tool which allows you to recreate the drawing in exact proportions. ***

      You must recreate the grid with the same amount of squares (if this does not happen your picture will be disproportionate)

      1. Recreate the grid in your RWB with each square that you draw in your RWB equaling  1 ¼ x 1 ¼ inch.   
      2. Redraw ONLY what is in each coordinating square
        1. Draw this first in a cartoon
        2. You only want to place point proportions (where a nose is…where the eyes are…give yourself an outline but no shading)
        3. Come back in and add gradation to your work with only stipple or crosshatch techniques
      3. You must paste in you original self portrait.


    Lesson 3
    The Principles of Art


    If you want to use a language, knowing the vocabulary is not enough. You must also know how the words go together.  You must know the rules of grammar for that language. 

    The same is true of art. Instead of rules of grammar, the language of art has art has principles.  These principles, or guidelines, govern how arts organize the visual elements to create a work of art.

    The principles of art include:

    ·       Balance

    ·       Variety

    ·       Harmony

    ·       Emphasis

    ·       Proportion

    ·       Movement

    ·       Rhythm



    Figure 1-7

    Richard Linder

    Rock-Rock 1966




    If you have ever carried a stack of dishes or books, you know the importance of balance.  In art, balance is also important. Balance is a principle of art concerned with arranging elements so no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than, any other part.  In art, balance is seen or felt by the viewer.

    In works of art, three kinds of balance are possible. They are formal balance, informal balance, and radial balance. In works of art with formal or symmetrical balance the two halves are mirror images. In works with informal, or asymmetrical, balance two unlike elements seem to carry equal weight. For example, a small shape painted bright red will balance several larger items painted in duller reds.

    Radial balance occurs when elements or objects in an artwork are positioned around a central point.


    Put the following answers in your DWB:

    Study the art works in Figures 1-7, 1-8, and 1-9.

    Which uses formal balance?

    Which uses informal balance?

    Which uses radial balance?


     7557 (you will have to look at this photo on line... my photo will not upload)

    Figure 1-8

    Auguste Renoir

    Young Spanish Woman with a Guitar



    The same routine day after day can become dull.  The same color or shape repeated over and over in an art work can become equally dull. To avoid dullness, artists use the principle of variety in their works. Variety is a principle of art concerned with combining one or more elements to create interest by adding slight changes. By giving a work variety, the artist heightens the visual appeal of the work.


    Put the following answers in your DWB:

    Look at Figure 1-7

    How does the artist use of color add variety to the work?

    Which other elements (Remember the Elements of Art from your last DWB)are used to add variety?




    If too little variety can become boring, too much variety can create chaos. Artists avoid chaos in their works by using the principle of harmony.  Harmony is a principle of art concerned with blending elements to create a calmer, restful appearance.


    Put the following answers in your DWB:

    Look at Figure 1-7 and 1-8,

    Which has greater harmony?

    Which elements does the artist use to introduce harmony to the work? (Remember the Elements of Art from your last DWB)




    Figure 1-9

    Vincent van Gogh

    The Starry Night




    To attract a viewer’s attention to important parts of a work, artists use the principle of emphasis. Emphasis is making an element in a work stand out. Emphasis can be created by contrast or by extreme changes in an element.


    Put the following answers in your DWB:

    Look at 1-8

    What has been done to emphasize the face of the young woman?





    Have you ever tasted a food that was so salty you couldn’t eat it? The problem was one of proportion. Proportion is the principle of art concerned with the relationship of one part to another and to the whole.

    The principle of proportion is not limited to size. Elements such as color can be used in differing proportions to create emphasis. It is used this way in figure 1-17.


    Put the following answers in your DWB:

    Look at figure 1-7

    Which color is used in greatest proportion?



    You may not have realized it, but when you look at a work of art your eye move from part to part. Artists use the principle of movement to lead the viewer’s eyes throughout the work. Movement is the principle of art used to create the look and feeling of action and to guide a viewer’s eye throughout the work of art.


    Put the following answers in your DWB:

    Look at Figures 1-7, 1-8, and 1-9

    How have the artists used line and shape to move your eyes throughout the works?




    Often artists seek to make their works seem active.  When they do, they call upon the principle of rhythm.  Rhythm is the principle of art concerned with repeating an element to make a work seem active or to suggest vibration.  Sometimes to create rhythm, an artist will repeat not just elements but also the exact objects over and over. When this is done, a pattern is formed.


    Put the following answers in your DWB:

    Look at Figures 1-7, 1-8, and 1-9

    Which uses the principle of art rhythm?

    What element is repeated? (Remember the Elements of Art from your last DWB)






    Lesson 4: The Reflection: 50 points

    ·      Answer the following questions about your self portrait

    1.  How does your self portrait use harmony?

    2.  How does your self portrait use repetition?

    3.  What is the emphasis of your self portrait and why?

    4.  What kind of Balance does your self portrait have and why?


    If you need help I am available after school on Tuesdays and Thursday


    If you don’t come to me for help how am I able to assist?


    Lack of planning on your part does not constitute an emergency on my part…get your work in on time!